Nestlé dealt fresh 'blow' in European Kit Kat trademark case

Candy bar's signature shape is not unique enough, says court in Nestle/Cadbury spat

LONDON — Nestlé's five-year battle to register the shape of its Kit Kat  candy has been dealt a fresh "blow" from the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), which has found the shape of the Kit Kat in itself does not distinguish the brand.

The CJEU reported Wednesday that the four-finger chocolate biscuit shape of Kit Kat does not warrant a trademark under European law, unless Nestlé can prove the shape is integral to immediate consumer recognition of the brand.

Nestlé has been locked in a fierce battle to register the shape of its four-finger Kit Kat bar since its application in 2010, which was blocked by rival Cadbury. Nestlé claims 90% of consumers associate the brand with the shape.

Kit Kat is manufactured globally by Nestlé — except in the US, where it where it is made under license by Hershey's H.B. Reese Candy Co. division.

The moves comes as a "blow" for the chocolate bar maker, experts said. After an appeal by Nestlé in June the High Court passed the matter to the Advocate General for recommendation on the case under EU law, which was then passed to the CJEU.

The case will now go back to the High Court for a final ruling. Nestlé, however, cannot submit any more evidence to the court and if the High Court finds the shape still cannot be registered as a trademark of Nestle, the brand will not be able to stop rivals — including Cadbury and supermarkets — from developing chocolate bars of the same shape.

Chocolate wars
The "tit for tat" battle is part of a long history of disputes between Nestlé and Cadbury. 

In 2004 Cadbury attempted to trademark the purple color of its branding. However, Nestlé successfully blocked the trademark in 2013

Lee Curtis, trademark attorney and partner at intellectual property law firm HGF, said the "war" was an attempt by both companies to monopolize certain aspects of the way they market their chocolate.

He said he expected the High Court to argue it could not be trademarked because the CJEU implied that 90% recognition was not enough solely to warrant a trademark. 

However, Nestlé said it was "pleased" with the decision and looked "forward to the decision of the UK High Court."

Curtis said: "Overall, [the] CJEU decision today is a blow to Nestlé, but they may have the last laugh.

"Taken with the original comments from the High Court judge, the CJEU decision would imply that a 90% consumer recognition of the shape of the bar by the British public is not enough to give Nestle that monopoly right."

In a recent poll, Marketing asks readers whether Nestle should be able to trademark the shape of Kit Kat. 61% said no.

This article first appeared on

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